Most people equate the "change of life" with hot flashes. Medical conditions older women should be concerned about include: osteoporosis, heart disease, and estrogen replacement. Find more information on issues facing women of menopausal age in the articles below.


Menopause Overview

Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)

CIN, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, is a disorder (abnormal cells) in the surface and lining of the cervix.



Colpocleisis involves closure of the vagina after either leaving the uterus in place or performing a hysterectomy. Intercourse is no longer possible.

menopause hot flashes


A cystocele is one of many pelvic organ support problems. It is like a hernia of the bladder.



An enterocele is one of several pelvic organ support problems. It is like a hernia that occurs in the vagina.


Exercising Pelvic Muscles

Pregnancy, childbirth, and being overweight can all weaken pelvic muscles. Luckily, when these muscles get weak, you can help make them strong again.


Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Replacement hormones (estrogen or a combination of estrogen and progestin) have been shown to be effective in relieving conditions usually related to menopause.


More than 13 million people in the United States--male and female, young and old--experience incontinence. A variety of treatments are available.


Lichen Sclerosus

Lichen sclerosus is a benign (noncancerous) disorder of the skin of the vulva. It can occur in women of any age, but is most common in postmenopausal women.



Menopause is the point in a woman's life when menstruation stops permanently, signifying the end of her ability to have children.


Needle Suspension Procedures and Transvaginal Tape Procedures

Needle suspension procedures and transvaginal tape procedures are surgical procedures used to improve stress urinary incontinence.



Osteoporosis leads to 1.5 million fractures or breaks per year, occurring mostly in the hip, spine, and wrist. It costs $14 billion annually, and threatens 28 million Americans.


Postmenopausal Bleeding

Vaginal and/or genital bleeding in women who are in the menopause is abnormal unless it is related to hormone replacement therapy.



Rectocele is one of many pelvic organ support problems. Each year many women endure pelvic organ prolapse, and many undergo surgical procedures for correction of these problems.


Retropubic Urethral Suspension

Retropubic urethral suspension is a surgical procedure to improve stress urinary incontinence.


Uterine and Vaginal Prolapse

Each year many women endure pelvic organ support problems (pelvic organ prolapse). There are surgical and non-surgical treatment options.


Uterine Prolapse

Uterine prolapse is the falling or shifting of the uterus down into the vaginal canal.


Vaginal Dryness

A decrease in female hormone levels, or estrogen, brought about by a variety of reasons, is the primary cause of vaginal dryness. Vaginal dryness affects more than 25 million women at one time or another.

Request an Appointment

Vanessa M. Givens, MD

Sherri Li, MD

Frank W. Ling, MD

Thomas G. Stovall, MD

Margaret Z. Summitt, MD

Robert L. Summitt, Jr., MD

Val Y. Vogt, MD

Phone: 901-682-9222

Fax: 901-682-9505

Women's Health Specialists

7800 Wolf Trail Cove

Germantown, TN 38138